Year 8 Geography

Weather & Climate

  • Describe different types of weather and explain its positive and negative impacts using the terms; ‘economic’, ‘social’ and ‘environmental’.
  • Understand the difference between weather and climate.
  • Be able to interpret a simple synoptic chart showing the passage of a depression or an anticyclone.
  • Be able to complete a climate graph using both positive and negative figures and compare the climate of two locations using the terms; ‘maximum’, ‘minimum’ and ‘range’.
  • Be able to name and define elements of the water cycle both above and below the surface and recognise how humans can interfere with this natural cycle.
  • Know the three different types of rainfall and be able to explain how this affects the British Isles.
  • Be able to describe and explain the effects of a weather hazard on people using a specific named example and evaluate the success of the responses to this event.

National Parks

  • Locate at least 6 National Parks of the UK onto a map without the use of an atlas and be able to describe the features that make them special.
  • Understand the aims of National Parks and a range of ways that these are protected for the Nation. Recognise that management of these can cause conflict between users.
  • Outline a range of positive and negative impacts of increased numbers of visitors on National Parks and evaluate the management strategies used.
  • Be able to explain the need for sustainable development with the use of examples.


  • Define the term ecosystem and use examples to demonstrate the links between the living and non- living environment.
  • Name parts of a more complex food chain from a woodland ecosystem.
  • Be able to label a map of the world with different biomes- and recognise the different vegetation and animal types for each.
  • Describe the key features of two named biomes and explain the adaptations to the physical environment at least one named plant and one named animal species.


  • Name the features of a drainage basin. (Source, mouth, confluence, tributary, watershed, catchment area.)
  • Be able to describe and explain at a simple level how a river changes from upper to lower course.
  • Understand that a river is affected by erosion transportation and deposition and be able to define at least 3 the different types of erosion and transportation.
  • Be able to explain using geographical terminology and a labelled diagram how either an oxbow lake or a waterfall forms.
  • Explain what causes a river to flood - using a range of both physical and human factors.
  • Describe the effects of a river flood in a location within the British Isles, using the terms social, economic and environmental.


  • Use a map of the world to label countries linked to a product or industry to demonstrate the meaning of globalisation and understand the reasons for the distribution pattern.
  • Explain, using a named example of a company or product, a range of positive and negative impacts of globalisation on MEDCs and LEDs.
  • Understand what is meant by Fairtrade. Be able to explain how Fairtrade certification has improved people’s lives in a named location.