Year 8 Geography

Weather & Climate

  • Describe different types of weather and how it affects people across the UK.
  • Know how weather can be measured by different instruments and be able to use the correct units of measurement when describing the weather.
  • Understand the difference between weather and climate.
  • Be able to complete a climate graph and describe it using the terms ‘maximum’, ‘minimum’ and ‘range’.
  • Be able to name and define the main elements of the water cycle.
  • Be able to use a thematic map to describe how rainfall and temperature differ across the UK.
  • Be able to describe and explain at a simple level the effects of a weather hazard on people using a specific named example.

National Parks

  • Locate at least 4 National Parks of the UK onto a map without the use of an atlas.
  • Be able to describe the physical and human features of one named National Park and understand that these areas need to be protected.
  • Be able to outline at two positive and negative impacts of increased numbers of visitors on National Parks.


  • Know that an ecosystem contains elements of both the living and non-living environment.
  • Name parts of a simple food chain and be able to describe a simple food chain from a woodland ecosystem.
  • Be able to label a map of the world with different biomes- and recognise the different vegetation types for each.
  • Recognise and describe the key features of one named biome (location, climate, vegetation and animal adaptations) and be able to label the adaptations of one animal in this biome.


  • Name at four features of a drainage basin.
  • Be able to describe how a river changes from upper to lower course with the use of named geographical features
  • Understand that a river is affected by erosion transportation and deposition and be able to name 1 specific type of erosion and transportation.
  • Be able to explain using geographical terminology how a waterfall forms due to different types of rock.
  • Describe the effects of a river flood on people and the environment in a location within the British Isles.


  • Use a map of the world to label countries linked to a product or industry to demonstrate the meaning of globalisation.
  • Explain at a simple level, using a named example of a company or product, at least one positive and one negative impact of globalisation in a specific location.
  • Understand what is meant by Fairtrade and how it can make a difference to people’s lives by buying certain products.