Year 8 Geography

Weather & Climate

  • Describe different types of weather and how it impacts on people in both a negative and positive way.
  • Know how weather can be measured by different instruments and be able to use the correct units of measurement when describing the weather. Carry out your own investigation into a week’s weather using observation techniques.
  • Understand the difference between weather and climate.
  • Be able to complete a climate graph and describe it using the terms maximum, minimum, average and range.
  • Be able to name and define the above and below ground elements of the water cycle.
  • Be able to use a thematic map to describe patterns of rainfall and explain why relief rainfall creates this pattern.
  • Be able to describe and explain at a simple level the effects (economic and social) of a weather hazard on people using a specific named example.

National Parks

  • Locate at least 4 National Parks of the UK onto a map without the use of an atlas and be able to describe the features that make them special.
  • Understand why and how areas of National Parks are protected from over development.
  • You will be able to outline a range of positive and negative impacts of increased numbers of visitors on National Parks.
  • Understand the term sustainable development.


  • Know that an ecosystem contains elements of both the living and non-living environment and how these can be linked.
  • Name parts of a simple food chain and be able to describe a simple food chain from a range of ecosystems.
  • Be able to label a map of the world with different biomes- and recognise the different animal and vegetation types for each.
  • Recognise and describe the key features of two named biomes (location, climate, vegetation and animal adaptations). Be able to explain how either a named plant or animal has adapted to the environment.


  • Name at least four features of a drainage basin and be able to label these onto an appropriate diagram.
  • Be able to describe how a river changes from upper to lower course and using a named river give examples of geographical features in each stage.
  • Understand that a river is affected by erosion transportation and deposition and be able to define at 2 different types of erosion and transportation.
  • Be able to explain using geographical terminology or a labelled diagram how either an oxbow lake or a waterfall forms.
  • Explain two factors that cause a river to flood.
  • Describe the cause and effects of a river flood on people and the environment in a location within the British Isles.


  • Use a map of the world to label countries linked to a product or industry recognise the part each country plays in the production process.
  • Explain, using a named example of a company or product, a range of positive and negative impacts of globalisation in a specific location.
  • Understand what is meant by Fairtrade and the aims of the Fairtrade certification.